EnerTech Systems, Inc. - Hazardous Waste Disposal and Lamp Recycling Information

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FEDERAL UNIVERSAL WASTE RULE

Management of Used Fluorescent, High Intensity Discharge and Miscellaneous Lamps as Universal Wastes
This information is presented as a public service and is not intended to be legal advice.  Please consult environmental and legal professionals.
----Follow The EPA Link below for The Federal Register Notice----

 

http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-emi.htm

 

  • Universal Waste Basic Principles:

    Eases Handling and Disposal Regulations

    Reduces Cost to Properly Manage & Recycle

  • The US EPA has added mercury containing lamps to the federal list of universal wastes regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1990.
  • This reduces the cost and regulatory burden on generators who recycle due to streamlined regulations regarding accumulation, storage, transport, treatment & disposal.
  • Until July 6, 1999, federal and some state regulations made it difficult and expensive for generators to properly manage the 600 million lamps discarded each year as hazardous waste. Most ended up in municipal landfills which posed dangers for the public health and environment due to mercury and lead contamination of air and groundwater. Most states had already adopted policies to prohibit lamp disposal in municipal landfills and were granting handling exemptions to generators who recycle lamps.
  • Federal Register
    July 6, 1999 - Vol. 65
    No. 128 pp 36465-36490

  • Requires full regulatory compliance for hazardous waste if recycling is not chosen.
  • Optional for Households and Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (less than 100 kg/mo). May manage lamps as Universal Waste or via RCRA exemption.
  • Exempts whole lamps from shipment on Hazardous Waste Manifest and allows shipment using a Common Carrier Bill of Lading if lamps are destined for recycling.
  • Does not require the analytical testing or reporting of whole lamps destined for recycling.
  • Adds hazardous waste lamps to the federal universal waste rule (waste lamps that are hazardous due to exhibiting one or more of the characteristics of hazardous waste) which includes incandescent and neon lamps.
  • Small and large quantity handlers of universal waste lamps are prohibited from diluting or treating universal waste lamps except by responding to releases. The prohibition against treatment includes a prohibition against crushing. EPA feels that uncontrolled crushing of universal waste lamps in containers meeting only the general performance standards of the universal waste rule would not sufficiently protect human health and the environment.
  • Reduces record keeping, training and emergency requirements.  Most businesses won’t have to register with the EPA to obtain a generator ID or do reporting.
  • Increases storage time of waste lamps up to one year.
    Imposes minimal training and labeling requirements on generators and handlers.
  • Generator
  • Anyone who creates a waste mercury lamp (a RCRA characteristic waste >0.2mg/l TCLP). A generator is also considered a Small Quantity Handler or a Large Quantity Handler depending on how many lamps are produced in 1 year. Contractors who remove universal waste lamps from service are considered handlers and co-generators of the waste.
  • Small Quantity Handler (SQHUW)
  • Generator or third party who accumulates less than 5,000 kg at a time, up to 1 year.
    No EPA registration required. Training and information on handling mercury lamps is required. Proper marking and labeling is required.

  • Large Quantity Handler (LQHUW)
  • Generator or third party who accumulates more than 5,000 kg at a time, up to 1 year.  EPA or state registration and ID# is required. Training and information on handling mercury lamps is required. Proper marking and labeling is required.

  • Transporter
  • One who transports Universal Waste Lamps for less than 10 days.  No EPA registration is required. Proper marking and labeling is required.

  • UW Transfer Facility
  • A non-permitted storage location for less than 10 days.
  • Destination Facility
  • A RCRA permitted processing, recycling or disposal facility.

The information above represents EnerTech Systems's interpretation of the Universal Waste Rule.
Environmental / legal professionals should be consulted for additional interpretations.

 

STATE LAMP RECYCLING REGULATIONS AND CONTACTS


Alabama

Department of Environmental Management
Land Division
334-271-7730

Fact Sheet
http://adem.state.al.us/LandDivision/Guidance/fluorbro.doc

Universal Waste Rule
http://adem.state.al.us/Regulations/Div14/D14Chapter%2011.doc

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Alaska

Department of Environmental Conservation
Environmental Health Division
Solid Waste Office
907-269-7591 (Anchorage)
800-510-2332 (toll free, in state)

Federal Universal Waste Rule Applies
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fedreg.pdf
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fs_lamps.pdf

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Arizona

Department of Environmental Quality
Waste Programs Division
Hazardous Waste Office
602-207-4153

Fact Sheet
http://adeq.state.az.us/environ/waste/hazwaste/download/merclamp.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.sosaz.com/public_services/Title_18/18-08.htm
* go to R-18-8-273 and R-18-8-260.10

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Arkansas

Department of Environmental Quality
Hazardous Waste Division
501-682-0833

Fact Sheet
http://adeq.state.ar.us/custsvs/pdfs/brochures/hw_lighting_waste_factsheet_030424.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://adeq.state.ar.us/regs/files/reg23_final_030414.pdf
* go to p. 717/755 (p. 697). See also pp. 6/758 and 25/758

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California

Environmental Protection Agency
Toxic Substances Control Department
Hazardous Waste Division: 916-324-7193
Duty Officer Hotline: 800-728-6942 (toll free, in state)

Fact Sheet
http://dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/Mercury/HWMP_FS_UWRChanges.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://dtsc.ca.gov/LawsRegulationsPolicies/CRTs/Oeara_regs_crttext.pdf

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Colorado

Department of Public Health & Environment
Hazardous Materials and Waste Management Division
Customer Technical Assistance
303-692-3320

Fact Sheet
http://cdphe.state.co.us/hm/UWRgeneral.pdf
http://cdphe.state.co.us/hm/lighting.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://cdphe.state.co.us/op/regs/hazwaste/10073273universalwastemanagement.pdf

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Connecticut

Environmental Protection Department
Bureau of Waste Management
860-424-3021

Fact Sheet
http://dep.state.ct.us/wst/mercury/uwrule.htm
http://dep.state.ct.us/wst/mercury/merclamp.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://dep.state.ct.us/wst/hw/hwregs.pdf
* go to pp. 105/131 (p.104).  See also p. 3/131

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Delaware

Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Control
Solid & Hazardous Waste Management Branch
302-739-3689 (Hazardous Waste Help Line)
800-404-7080 (HHW information)

Fact Sheet
http://dnrec.state.de.us/dnrec2000/divisions/awm/hw/hw/flfactsheet.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://dnrec.state.de.us/DNREC2000/Divisions/AWM/hw/hw/drghw.htm
* go to 273: Standards for Universal Waste Management

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District of Columbia

Environmental Health Administration
Division of Hazardous Waste
202-535-2290

Universal Waste Rule (call District contact for rule)

no electronic link to rule available at this time - new

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Florida

Environmental Protection Department
Hazardous Waste Management Section
850-488-0300

Fact Sheet
http://dep.state.fl.us/waste/quick_topics/publications/shw/mercury/MCLfactsheet041702.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://dep.state.fl.us/waste/quick_topics/rules/documents/62-730.pdf
* go to p. 19/35 and see 62-730-185
http://dep.state.fl.us/waste/quick_topics/rules/documents/62-737.pdf
 

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Georgia

Department of Natural Resources
Environmental Protection Division
Hazardous Waste Management Branch
404-657-8831

Fact Sheet
http://www.ganet.org/dnr/environ/techguide_files/hwb/merclamp.htm

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://dnr.state.ga.us/dnr/environ/rules_files/exist_files/391-3-11.pdf
* go to 391-3-11-.18

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Hawaii

Department of Health/Environmental Management Division
Solid & Hazardous Waste Branch
808-586-4226

Federal Universal Waste Rule Applies
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fedreg.pdf
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fs_lamps.pdf

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Idaho

Health & Welfare Department
Environmental Quality Division
208-373-0148

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://www2.state.id.us/adm/adminrules/rules/idapa58/0105.pdf
* go to section .016, page 8

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Illinois

Environmental Protection Agency
Bureau of Land
Permit Section
217-524-3300

Fact Sheet
http://www.epa.state.il.us/land/fluorescent-lamps/

Universal Waste Rule
http://ipcb.state.il.us/SLR/IPCBandIEPAEnvironmentalRegulations-Title35.asp
* go to Part 733

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Indiana

Department of Environmental Management
Office of Land Quality
317-308-3109
800-451-6027 (toll free, in state)

Fact Sheets
http://state.in.us/idem/ctap/vehicle/vmmanual/fluorescentt&hid.pdf
http://www.in.gov/idem/land/hazwaste/guidance/universalwasterule.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.ai.org/legislative/iac/t03290/a00031.pdf
* go to p. 129/130 and see 329 IAC 3.1-16-1 and 3.1-16-2

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Iowa

Department of Natural Resources
Environmental Protection Division
515-281-3426

Federal Universal Waste Rule Applies
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fedreg.pdf
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/id/merc-emi/merc-pgs/fs_lamps.pdf

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Kansas

Department of Health & Environment
Bureau of Waste Management
785-296-1600

Universal Waste Rule Applies
http://kdhe.state.ks.us/waste/download/hw_laws_sept2002.pdf
* go to p. 23/40 (p. 19) and see 28-31-1.  See also p. 39/40 (p. 35) and see 28-31-15

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Kentucky

Natural Resources & Environmental Protection Cabinet
Environmental Protection Department
Division of Waste Management
502-564-6716

Fact Sheet
http:www.waste.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/2B311FEC-2AF0-42D0-B56C-DDD878094D08/0/pubspent.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/kar/TITLE401.HTM
* scroll down to Chapter 43

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Louisiana

Environmental Quality Department
Office of Waste Services
225-765-0355

Fact Sheet
http://deq.state.la.us/assistance/sbap/squniversalwaste.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://deq.state.la.us/planning/regs/title33/33v05c23-42.doc
* go to pages 27-28

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Maine

Environmental Protection Department
Bureau of Remediation & Waste Management
207-287-2651

Information
http://state.me.us/dep/rwm/hazardouswaste/index.htm#universalwaste

Universal Waste Rule
http://state.me.us/dep/rwm/hazardouswaste/pdf/uwruleexc.pdf

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Maryland

Environment Department
Waste Management Administration
Hazardous Waste Program
410-631-3343

Fact Sheet
http://mde.state.md.us/Programs/LandPrograms/Hazardous_Waste/univ_waste.asp

Universal Waste Rule
https://constmail.gov.state.md.us/comar/dsd_web/comar_web/subtitle_chapters/26_Chapters.htm#Subtitle13
* go to 26.13.10 and 26.13.01

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Massachusetts

Department of Environmental Protection
Bureau of Waste Prevention
617-556-1096

Fact Sheet
http://state.ma.us/dep/files/lamps.doc
http://state.ma.us/dep/recycle/files/flambiz.doc
http://state.ma.us/dep/recycle/hazards/fluores.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://state.ma.us/dep/bwp/dhm/files/regs/1000.htm

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Michigan

Department of Environmental Quality
Waste Management Division
517-373-2730

Fact Sheet
http://deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ead-tas-eleclamp.pdf
http://deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-wmd-Universl.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-wmd-hwp-Part111Rules00.pdf
* go to p. 119/241 (p. 106) and see R 299.9228. See also R 299.9101-9109

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Minnesota

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Customer Assistance
651-296-5763

Fact Sheets
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/waste/pubs/4-20.pdf
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/waste/pubs/fluoresc.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
No state universal waste rule for lamps (subject to change; verify with State)

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Mississippi

Environmental Quality Department
Pollution Control Office
Hazardous Waste Branch
601-961-5221

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by references)
http://www.deq.state.ms.us/newweb/homepages.nsf
* click on "Office of Pollution Control," then "Hazardous Waste," then "Hazardous Waste Regulations." Go to p. 28-29.

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Missouri

Natural Resources Department
Division of Environmental Quality
Hazardous Waste Program
573-751-3176
Technical Assistance Program
573-526-6627
800-361-4827 (toll free)

Fact Sheet
http://www.dnr.state.mo.us/oac/pub2058.pdf
http://www.dnr.state.mo.us/oac/pub24.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.sos.state.mo.us/adrules/csr/current/10csr/10c25-16.pdf
http://www.sos.state.mo.us/adrules/csr/current/10csr/10c25-3.pdf

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Montana

Environmental Quality Department
Waste Management Office
406-444-3490

Universal Waste Rule Fact Sheet
http://deq.state.mt.us/pcd/awm/haz/hazUnivWstReq.asp

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.deq.state.mt.us/dir/legal/Chapters/Ch53-toc.asp
* go to Sub-chapter 13

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Nebraska

Environmental Quality Department
RCRA Section
402-471-4210

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.deq.state.ne.us/RuleAndR.nsf/pages/128-Ch-25

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Nevada

Conservation & Natural Resources Department
Environmental Protection Division
Waste Management Bureau
775-687-4670

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://ndep.state.nv.us/nac/444-842.pdf
* go to p. 15/46 (444.8632)

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New Hampshire

Department of Environmental Services
Waste Management Division
603-271-2942

Fact Sheet
http://www.des.state.nh.us/factsheets/hw/hw-7.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.des.state.nh.us/hwcs/hwrulechange/adopt_101301.pdf
* go to p. 43/46, Env-Wm 1112

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New Jersey

Environment Protection Department
Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste
Bureau of Landfill & Recycling Management
609-984-5950

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.state.nj.us/dep/dshw/resource/njac726a1.pdf
* go to p. 101/108 and 10/108. See 7:26A.7.1 et seq.

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New Mexico

Environment Department
Environment Protection Division
Solid Waste Bureau
505-827-2775

Universal Waste Rule
No state universal waste rule for lamps (subject to change; verify with State)

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New York

Environmental Conservation Department
Bureau of Hazardous Waste Management
Technical Determinations Section
518-485-8988

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dshm/regs/374_3.pdf

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North Carolina

Environment & Natural Resources Department
Hazardous Waste Section
919-508-8560

Fact Sheet
http://www.p2pays.org/mercury/lights.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://wastenot.enr.state.nc.us/HWHOME/WEBRules/NCHWRule.html
* scroll down to Standards for Universal Waste Management

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North Dakota

Department of Health
Environmental Health Section
Hazardous Waste Program
701-328-5166

Fact Sheet
http://www.health.state.nd.us/ndhd/environ/wm/faq/tubes.htm

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.state.nd.us/lr/information/acdata/pdf/33-24-05.pdf
* go to p. 741/834 and see 33-24-05-701 et seq. http://www.state.nd.us/lr/information/acdata/pdf/33-24-01.pdf
* go to 33-24-01-04 for definitions

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Ohio

Environmental Protection Agency
Division of Hazardous Waste Management
614-644-2934

Fact Sheet/Policy
http://www.epa.state.oh.us/dhwm/pdf/FluorescentFacts.pdf

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Oklahoma

Environmental Quality Department
Hazardous Waste Compliance Section
405-702-5100

Fact Sheet
http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/HW/HW%20lamps%20fact%20sheetB.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.deq.state.ok.us/rules/205-EME.pdf    * go to p. 3/17 and see 252:205-3-2

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Oregon

Environmental Quality Department
Hazardous Waste Program
503-229-5913

Fact Sheet
http://www.deq.state.or.us/lq/pubs/factsheets/hw/LampsBallasts.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/rules/OARs_300/OAR_340/340_113.html

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Pennsylvania

Environmental Protection Department
Land Recycling & Waste Management Bureau
Hazardous Waste Management
717-787-6239

Fact Sheet
http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/pollprev/technology/techalpha/articles/fluorescent.html

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/025/chapter266b/chap266btoc.html
* go to 266b.1(a)

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Rhode Island

Environmental Management Department
Environmental Protection Bureau
Waste Management Office
401-222-2797

Fact Sheet
http://www.state.ri.us/dem/programs/benviron/assist/pdf/univrule.pdf

Universal Waste
http://www.state.ri.us/dem/pubs/regs/REGS/WASTE/HWREGS02.PDF
* go to 63/71" for Rule 13.00 Universal Waste

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South Carolina

Health & Environmental Control Department
Hazardous & Infectious Waste Management
Bureau of Land & Waste
803-896-4002

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.lpitr.state.sc.us/coderegs/c061f.htm#61-79.273

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South Dakota

Environment & Natural Resources Department
Waste Management Program
605-773-3153

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/rules/7428.htm#74:28:33

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Tennessee

Environment and Conservation Department
Solid/Hazardous Waste Management Office
615-532-0780

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.state.tn.us/sos/rules/1200/1200-01/1200-01-11/1200-01-11-.12.pdf

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Texas

Natural Resource Conservation Commission
Policy & Regulations Division
512-239-4900

Fact Sheet
http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/admin/topdoc/rg/377.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/oprd/rules/pdflib/335h.pdf
* go to p. 18/27

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Utah

Environmental Quality Department
Division of Solid & Hazardous Waste
801-538-6170

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.eq.state.ut.us/eqshw/adobe/rules/r315-016.pdf

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Vermont

Environmental Conservation Department
Waste Management Division
802-241-3888

Fact Sheet
http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/ead/eadhome/PDF%20Files/lamps.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/wastediv/rcra/hazregs/regs2000/FINAL2000sub9.pdf

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Virginia

Department of Environmental Quality
Waste Programs
804-698-4421 or 804-698-4213

Fact Sheet
http://www.deq.state.va.us/waste/fllights.html

Universal Waste Rule (Federal rule by reference)
http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+reg+9VAC20-60-273

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Washington

Ecology Department
Hazardous Waste & Toxics Reduction Program
360-407-6700

Fact Sheet
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/0004020.pdf

Universal Waste Rule
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr/reg_comp_guide/173-303.HTM

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West Virginia

Environment Bureau
Waste Management Office
Hazardous Waste Management
304-558-5393

Universal Waste Rule (federal rule by reference)
http://www.wvsos.com/csrdocs/wordDocs/33-20.doc
* go to p. 23/26 and see 33-20-13

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Wisconsin

Department of Natural Resources
Waste Management Program
Hazardous Waste Team
608-266-2111

Policy Information (call State for policy)
http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/aw/wm/publications/recycle/news/sp00.pdf
* go to p. 2

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Wyoming

Environmental Quality Department
Solid & Hazardous Waste Division
307-777-7752

Universal Waste Rule
http://soswy.state.wy.us/RULES/3318.pdf
http://soswy.state.wy.us/RULES/3309.pdf

http://www.fsgi.com

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